Titre : Long and winding central paths
Résumé : We disprove a continuous analogue of the Hirsch conjecture proposed by Deza, Terlaky and Zinchenko, by constructing a family of linear programs with 3r+4 inequalities in dimension 2r+2 where the central path has a total curvature in Ω(2r). Our method is to tropicalize the central path in linear programming. The tropical central path is the piecewise-linear limit of the central paths of parameterized families of classical linear programs viewed through logarithmic glasses. The lower bound for the classical curvature is obtained by developing a combinatorial concept of a tropical angle.